AND SCIENCE DIPLOMACY DISCOURSES: GÖBEKLİTEPE The Neolithic era is a period when nomadic life gradually ended, the transition to agricultural society accelerated and architectural structures emerged. One of the most impressive neolithic sites in the world is Göbeklitepe in Şanlıurfa. Göbeklitepe was unearthed as a result of the work carried out jointly by the Şanlıurfa Archeology Museum and the German Archaeological Institute since 1995. This area is full of many stone tools and large sized smooth cut stones. Since Göbeklitepe was not used for settlement by neolithic people, there are no building for this usage that remains. This area consists of the oldest and the most magnificent of the

2016 Ek Sayı Toplu.pdf The surface survey carried out for the Neolithic period and the previous ages at the rural areas within the borders of Şanlıurfa Province, Central District started on 09.01.2015, and ended on 19.09.20151. The surface survey undertaken in 2015 was again involved perambulating the villages and rural areas within Tektek Mountains region located southeast of Şanlıurfa province, as was the case in years 2013 and 2014. Taking into account the challenging conditions that prevail in the region, unregistered and unknown sites of post-Neolithic periods at this area were also examined.

The Plaquette appears to have been made from a schist like stone. Such a stone would sparkle in the Sun and would attract attention. An association may have been made with the sparkles and the appearance of water particles and (red) female-spirit signs glistening in the sunlight. This would have been congruent with the ancient cosmology that involved evaporation of water as a sign for ascension.

Recent Discoveries and New Interpretations The most famous Pre-pottery Neolithic site of Anatolia, Göbekli Tepe, since 1994 has been the subject of intensive studies due to its peculiar characteristics, linked to the presence of both circular buildings and the so-called anthropomorphic T-shaped pillars. It was supposed that its discovery would have been one of a kind, but in the next few years scholars revealed the existence of similar settlements in the area of Şanlıurfa Province. These sites, still far from being investigated, share with Göbekli Tepe the same archaeological evidences, including chronological features, size and architectural and iconographic traits. The aim of this article is to focus on the

This article refers to the Neolithic Period settlements discovered during surveys and provincial cultural inventory studies conducted in Şanlıurfa province located in Southeast Turkey. The locations and dimensions of the settlements that contain “T” shaped pillars is one of the main discussion topics of this study. Another matter under discussion is to comprehend the differences between the small-scale settlements that contain cult centers and “T” shaped pillars. The fact that two of the settlements under study contain both the remains of circular domestic buildings and the pillars indicate that such settlements resemble Çayönü and Nevali Çori settlements, which contain cult and domestic buildings. It is contemplated that such

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